The renal system in an anatomical system that maintains fluid balance and contributes to electrolyte balance, acid/base balance, and disposal of nitrogenous waste products.. [ ]

This is just here as a test because I lose it

Term information

database cross reference

uberon_slim, efo_slim, pheno_slim, vertebrate_core

editor note

In various sources such as Encyclopedia Britannica, the excretory and urinary systems are indeed the same system (see wikipedia talk page); we merge two BTO classes here

external definition

An anatomical system which consists of organs and tissues which produce, store, and excrete urine.[AAO]

has exact synonym

excretory system
systema urinaria
systema urinarium
urinary tract
renal system
urinary system

has related synonym

renal/urinary system
renal or urinary system

homology notes

Evolution of vertebrate renal anatomy appears quite conservative when compared, for example, to evolution of respiratory and cardiovascular systems in vertebrates. Major anatomical changes in vertebrates kidneys separate those of birds and mammals from kidneys of lower vertebrates. General increase in animal size from fish to mammals is reflected by an increase in total number of nephrons per kidney, rather than by constant change in tubular dimensions.[well established][VHOG]



never in taxon

taxon notes

In humans, the renal system comprises a pair of kidneys, a pair of ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, sphincter muscle and associated blood vessels
This definition is inclusive of the organs of the vertebrate renal system, as well as the Malpighian tubules of insects, and allows for future incorporation of structures such as the antennal glands of crustaceans